Callanan, one of several nearby Early Settlements before Jewell Junction existed
Callanan was the first platted town in the eastern portion of Iowa's Hamilton County.
This settlement was established before any railroads came to the area, and did not at first have a formal name. This settlement soon grew enough to extend north across the Ellsworth township into Lyon township.
the Des Moines and Minneapolis Railroad finally came north from
Des Moines to Ames in the 1870s, the people which settled here wished to
be included on this new transportation roadway. It was determinded
that if the people in four townships in Hamilton County taxed themselves
5%, they might successfully use the money to invite the railroad company
to build north to this area. Although this settlement did not
yet have a name or title, they had discovered that a Mr. Callanan was the
primary investor of the railroad. This discovery convinced
them to adopt "Callanan" to be their community's name, so that the railroad
would be enticed to come there. The newer portion of the settlement
located in Lyon Township became known as "North Callanan."
Typical of many road signs in Hamilton County, this sign on Highway 69 doesn't really indicate the way to Hamilton County's early settlement called Callanan. But it does indicate the Callanan really existed, and is still important in the history of Hamilton County.
This sign is located about four miles south of Jewell on Highway 69. The arrow points west. To really point towards the actual town of Callanan, this sign would need to be relocated two miles north and two miles east. At that point, about one mile south of Ellsworth, the sign would point towards Callanan. Besides seeing Cairo Lake and Goose Lake, Lakin's Grove, Ellsworth, Jewell Junction, Callanan and North Callanan can be seen on the following 1858 map which has been updated to show the towns of today.
The Des Moines and Minneapolis Railroad had worked to finish the construction of the narrow gauge railway north of Ames and through Gilbert Station, Story City, and Randall. And because 5% of the income of the settlers in this area would be awarded to the railroad, the rail company decided to follow the restriction being set for receiving the money (construct the railroad within a mile of the corner of these four townships in southeast Hamilton County). The railroad needed to turn a bit East and cross the Skunk River to accomplish that. The track needed to go down hill, cross the Skunk River, and go up the hill into "town".
This settlement was actually platted. (View the map at the bottom of this page.) The part lying in Ellsworth Township was platted in 1878. The Lyon Township addition known as "North Callanan" was laid out in January, 1879. The town started with a great flourish and stores were doing a good business and a newspaper was being printed. The settlement grew and prospered until about 1880. Callanan became the "town" that was known as the northern terminus of the narrow gauge line up north from Ames and Des Moines.
July 24, 1878 news article from the early Webster City newspaper Hamilton
Freeman mentions Callanan as a successful new community. It says:
CALLANAN - A Live Town - Callanan, the present terminus of the Des
Moines and Minnesota Narrow Gauge railroad, is situated in one of the finest
farming counties in the whole State of Iowa. It is only about 15
miles from Webster City, the county seat, 15 miles from Williams, the nearest
point east is Union, 35 miles, and 21 miles from Ames. Thus
it will be seen that Callanan is bound to be a desirable trading point.
Although only about 5 months old, it has already nearly 30 houses completed,
and more will be built immediately. A GOOD TOWN - Farmers,
business men and strangers all unite in saying that Callanan is destined
to be a town of no little importance. It has all the natural
advantages that go to make a prosperous town, besides having business men
that are stirring, go-ahead fellows.
Lincoln Township of Hamilton County
A narrow gauge railroad had been built from Ames up to the north line of Ellsworth township, and a station was necessary, so Callanan was started; it was platten in two sections. The part lying in Ellsworth township was platted in 1878, and the addition known as "North Callanan" was within the bounds of Lyon township, and was laid out in January, 1879. The town started with a great flourish and stores were doing a good business and a newspaper was being printed, and all bade fair to growth and prosperity until 1880.
At that time the Northwestern road came through and the narrow gauge road lost out, the station was started at Ellsworth and another at Jewell, and the business people and inhabitants of Callanan moved their goods and houses either to Ellsworth or to Jewell. So Callanan became one of our "Ghost Towns."
Callanan was located in NW Sec 2-86-24 of Ellsworth Township. An addition, called North Callanan, was located just north across the township line in SE Sec 35-87-24 in Lyon Township. The two towns were considered as one for its brief, but violent, history. The people who lived here in four townships in the southeast corner of our county wanted a railroad, so they voted themselves a 5% tax to secure one. James Callanan, a Des Moines investor, was president of the Des Moines and Minnesota Railroad. His railroad was a narrow gauge line that connected Ames with Des Moines. He planned to expand it north to Minneapolis. The town of Callanan became the northern terminus of this expansion.
The town was originally planned to have the name Lakin, for an early pioneer, but to secure the railroad, the settlers instead named it Callanan. A post office was secured on April 10, 1878, with David Schoonmaker as the first postmaster. The town plat was not recorded until June, with North Callanan being recorded in January, 1879. The postmaster held up the mail designated for Lakin's Grove, to increase the count for Callanan.
The town's violent history came about because it became a popular spot for rowdy folk from Des Moines to go for a happy weekend trip. The Callanan Hotel was busy; the many taverns made the liquor flow freely at all times. When sober residents objected, they were told that the business was good for Callanan. The town grew to have a population of about 200.
The railroad went bankrupt and the roadbed was taken
over by the Toledo & Northwestern Railroad. The tracks
were then converted to standard gauge, and the line was relocated to run
to Jewell Junction, connecting with Ellsworth through the east-west rail
line. Most of the town businesses moved to either Ellsworth
or Jewell Junction. The Callanan post office was closed
on October 12, 1881.
In 1880, the narrow gauge railroad, the Des Moines and Minneapolis, was bought out by the Chicago and Northwestrn Railroad and converted the rails to standard gauge. At that time it no longer crossed the Skunk River, passed by Callanan and went instead to Jewell. In 1880 and 1881, stations were started at Ellsworth and Jewell, so Callanan was abandoned. The businesses and inhabitants of Callanan moved their goods and houses either to Ellsworth or Jewell. Callanan was then lost.
What follows are the plat maps showing Callanan and North Callanan.
I, G. H. Carroll, County Surveyor in and for the Hamilton County Iowa, do hereby certify that the foregoing is a correct plat and description of the Survey made by me of the north-west quarter of the Northwest quarter of Section one, Township eighty-six, Range twenty four west of the fifth P.M., Iowa on the sexteenth day of April 1878, at the personal request of R. N. Woodworth, J.W. Mattice and George M. Everitt.
G. H. Carroll, County Surveyor of Hamilton County, Iowa
Below, you can see the enlarged portion of the above plat map of Callanan, showing where the depot was located.
(Read more about this Callanan story on the next page, which explores the settlement of Callanan.)
It is said that Callanan, the northern terminus of the narrow gauge railroad, was a boom town that had a fast and furious life of less than three years. It was built on a high bluff in a beautiful wooded area, east of the Skunk River. It numbered about 200 residents, and they included physicians, surgeons, contractors, builders, attorneys, three painters, and a notary public. There was a boarding house, a hardware store, a drug store, a dry goods store, a pool hall, and barber shop. There was a Callanan Brick Company, a blacksmith, a carriage shop, a wagon shop, a meat market, and a boot and shoe maker.
The settlement became the scene of many wild parties with liquor available both day and night. Law enforcement was ineffective and drunken brawls were frequent. Two murders were committed on the streets of Callanan during its short existence.
Callanan survived for about three years following the arrival of the railroad, but after the narrow gauge was converted to standard guage, it no longer crossed the Skunk River to get into Callanan, but instead turned a bit west and headed northward to Jewell Junction. Another railway company had just constructed an east-west track which became instrumental in a brand new (1880) community known as Ellsworth. When the railroad left the community of Callanan, the depot was then moved ( on sledges during the winter season ) to Ellsworth. In that way, the Callanan depot became the depot for the new community of Ellsworth.
the railroad left Callanan, the settlement died off as residents moved
to either the nearby Ellsworth or to Jewell. Besides the train station
depot, several houses in Jewell and Ellsworth were also moved from Callanan.